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ADULT MUSIC EDUCATION

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Ainslie Arts Centre & Online

GLOSSARY OF MUSICAL TERMS:

S - T

Sans


Without.




Scale


Any set of musical notes ordered in pitch by defined intervals.




Scherzo


A joke, jest.




Schnell


Fast, quick, rapid.




Scintallente


Sparkling, brilliant.




Scorrendo


Fluent, flowing, gliding.




Second


The interval between two conjunct degrees.




Section


A short division of a composition.




Segno


A sign. Al segno, to the sign; dal segno, from the sign.




Segue


Follows.




Seguendo


Following.




Sehr


Very.




Semiquaver


A sixteenth note.




Semplice


In a simple, natural, unaffected style.




Semitone


A half tone.




Sempre


Always, continually; throughout.




Senza


Without.




Series


The ordering of pitch classes or other elements.




Sensibile


Audible; sensitive, as in able to be sensed.




Seventh chord


A chord composed of a root, third, fifth and seventh.




Severo


Strictly, with rigid observance of tempo and expression marks.




Sforzando


A direction to perform the tone of chord with special stress, or marked and sudden emphasis; usually written sfz.




Sfumato


Very lightly, like a vanishing smoke-wreath.




Silenzio


Silence.




Similar motion


In the same direction; parts progress in similar motion when both moves up or down simutaneously or, in piano music, when hands move either right or left together.




Simile


Similarly; a direction to perform the following bars or passages in the same way.




Simple


Not compound or complex; undeveloped, not varied.




Sixth


The interval containing six diatonic degrees.




Six chord


First inversion of a triad.




Slur


A curved line under or over two or more notes, signifying that they are to be played legato.




Smorzando


Dying away.




Sognando


Dreaming, dreamily.




Solenne


Solemn, solemnly, with solemnity, in a lofty style.




Sombre


Dark, veiled, obscure.




Sonata


An instrumental composition in three or four extended movements contrasted in theme, tempo and mood.




Sonoro


Sonorously, resoundingly, resonantly.




Sordamente


With a veiled, muffled tone.




Sostenuto


Sustained, prolonged.




Sotto


Below, under.




Soutenu


Held or sustained.




Stabile


Steady, firm.




Staccato


Detached, separated.




Staff, or Stave


The five parallel lines used in modern notation.




Stendando


Delaying, dragging.




Stesso


The same.




Stinguendo


Dyinf away.




Stravagante


Extravagant, fantastic.




Strepitoso


In a noisy, boisterous, impetuous style.




Stridente


Strident; rough, harsh.




Stringendo


Hastening, accelerating, usually suddenly and rapidlyn with a crescendo.




Study


An étude, a teaching piece.




Subito


Suddenly.




Submediant


The third scale tone below the tonic; the sixth degree.




Subtonic


The scale tone below the tonic.




Supertonic


The second degree of a diatonic scale.




Susurrante


In a whispering, murmurous tone.




Tacet


Silent.




Tempo


Rate of speed.




Tempo mark


A word or phrase indicating the rate of speed at a which a piece should be performed.




Tenero


Tenderly; delicatlely, softly.




Tenuto


Held; means generally that a tone so marked is to be sustained for its full time value.




Theme


The musical basis or bases upon which composition is built.




Third


The interval containing three successive degrees.




Tierce di Picardi


The major ending of a piece in a minor key.




Timbre


Tone colour or quality.




Tone


A steady periodic sound; a note.




Tranquillo


Tranquilly, quietly, calmly.




Semibreve


A whole note.




Tonic


The keynote of a scale.




Tosto


Swift, bold; soon.




Transposition


Notation or performance of a composition in a different key from the one in which it was originally written.




Triad


A three note chord composed of a given tone, the root, with its third and fifth.




Triplet


A group of three equal notes to be executed in the time of two of the same kind of notes in the established rhythm.




Triple time


Meter containing three units, as in 3/4 or 3/8.





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