ADULT MUSIC EDUCATION
Small group classes
Ainslie Arts Centre & Online
GLOSSARY OF MUSICAL TERMS:
J - N
A kind of country dance in triple time and a quick tempo.
Precisely to true pitch; opposed to tempered intonation.
The series of tones forming any given major or minor scale, considered with reference to their harmonic relations, particularly the relation of the other tones to the tonic or keynote.
The sharps or flats at the head of the staff.
Forceful, vigorous, energetic.
A lament, complaint.
A slow waltz, in 3/4 or 3/8 time.
Large, broad; slow and stately with breadth of style.
Bound, slurred; a direction to perform the passage in a smooth and connected manner, with no break between the tones.
Very smoothly and evenly. On the piano, an indication that each finger is to hold its note as long as possible.
Leading motive; any striking musical motive characterising or accompanying a character, particular idea, emotion, or situation.
Faintly, gently, quietly.
Light, brisk; easy, facile.
Slow; calls for a tempo between andante and largo.
Lovely, sweet, charming.
Place; following 8va, it means to perform the notes as written.
The ecclesiastical mode that correspones to the scale from B to B o the white keys of the piano; the order of intervals is: semitone, tone, tone, semitone, tone, tone, tone.
Distant; faint sounding.
Long; sustained, prolonged.
Mournful, doleful, plaintive.
The church mode that correspones to the scale from F to F o the white keys of the piano; the order of intervals is: tone, tone, tone, semitone, tone, tone, semitone.
A scale; the order of intervals is: tone, tone, semitone, tone, tone, tone, semitone.
Decreasing in loudness, dying away.
With distinctness and emphasis.
With very marked emphasis.
A Polish national dance in triple time and modrate tempo with a variable accent on the third beat.
The third degree of the major or minor scale.
1. In the style of a melody; progressing by simgle tones. 2. Vocal, singable, tuneful.
Melodic minor scale
A minor scale that eliminates the interval of an augmented second between the sixth and seventh degrees of the harmonic minor scale, thereby providing a smoother progression. When ascending, the sixth and seventh degrees are raised; when descending, these notes are unaltered.
The ordered and rational progression of single tones; contrasted with harmony.
Less; not so.
Pensive, sad, melancholy.
The grouping of beats.
A half note.
An early French dance form, in triple time.
In a style suggestive of mystery, or of hidden meaning.
The mode that corresponds to the progression from G to G on the white keys of the piano; the order of intervals is: tone, tone, semitone, tone, tone, semitone, tone.
1. A generic term applied to ancient Greek melodi progressions and to church scales established in the Middle Ages and codified in the system of the Gregorian chant. 2. The distinction between a major key and minor key. 3. Any scalar pattern of intervals, either traditional to a culture or invented.
Moderate; at a moderate tempo or rate of speed.
To pass from one key or mode to another.
Murmuring; in a very gentle, subdued tone.
A short phrase or figure used in development, imitation or repetition.
Motion, speed, movement.
With motion; with an animated and energetic movement.
1. Tempo. 2. A principal division or section of a composition.
After; according to.
Night music; a serenade.
Nach und nach
Little by little, gradually.
Natural minor scale
Any minor scale withour chromatic alterations and therefore lacking the leading note; the order of intervals is: tone, semitone, tone, tone, semitone, tone, tone.
The seventh degree of the major scale.
The interval of an octave plus a major or minor second.
A piece of a dreamily romantic or sentimental character, without fixed form.