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ADULT MUSIC EDUCATION

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Ainslie Arts Centre & Online

GLOSSARY OF MUSICAL TERMS:

E - I

Effetto


Effect, impression.




Eguale


Equal; even, smooth.




Elegante


In an elegant, graceful, refined style.




Elegie


A vocal or instrumental composition of a melancholy cast, having no fixed form.




Encore


Again.




Enfatico


With emphasis, emphatic.




Enharmonic tones


Tones derived from different scale degrees, but practically identical in pitch.




Episode


An intermdiate of incidental section; in a fugue, a digression from the principal theme, interpolated between developments of the latter.




Espressivo


With expression, expressively.




Esquisse


A sketch.




Estinto


Barely audible; the extreme of pianissimo.




Estremamente


Extremely.




Étude


A study; es[ecially, one affording practice in some particular technical difficulty.




Etwas


Rather, somewhat.




Exposition


1. The opening section of a sonata, sonatina or sonata movement, in which the principal themes are presented for the first time. 2. Sections of a fugue that present the subject.




Expression mark


A written direction (a sign, symbol, word or phrase) for the performance of a piece.




Fantastico


Fantastic, fanciful.




F clef


The bass clef.




Facile


Facile, easy, fluent.




Feroce


Wild, fierce, vehement.




Fervente


Fervently, ardently, passionately.




Festivamente


In a festive style.




Fieramente


Wildly, boldly.




Fifteenth


A double octave.




Fifth


An interval of five diatonic degrees. Also, the fifth degree of any diatonic scale; the dominant.




Fine


End; close.




Form


A concept or organisation governing the structure, order, character, meter and key of a composition.




Forte


Loud, strong; usually written f.




Fortissimo


Very loud; usually written ff.




Forzando


With force, energy; means that the note or chord is to be strongly accented; usually written fz.




Fourth


An interval embracing four scale degrees. Also, the fourth degree in the diatonic scale; the subdominant.




Fremente


Furiously.




Garbamente


Gracefully, elegantly; in a refined style.




Gaudioso


Joyous, jubilant.




Generoso


Free, ample.




Geschwindt


Swift, rapid.




Gioviale


Jovial, cheerful.




Giubilante


Jubilant.




Giustamente


Exactly, with precision.




Grandioso


With grandeur; majestivally, loftily.




Grave


Heavy, slow, ponderous.




Grazia, con


With grave; elegantly.




Grosso


Great, grand; full, heavy.




Grottesco


Grotesque, comic.




Harmonic minor scale


A minor scale with the raised seventh degree providing a leading note; the order of intervals is: tone, semitone, tone, tone, semitone, tone-and-a-half, semitone.




Heftig


Vehement, impetuous, passionate.




Humoresque


A light, whimsical instrumental piece, often for piano.




Idèe fixe


Fixed idea; a term used by Hector Berlioz with reference to his Symphonie fantastique to denote its recurrent theme.




Imitando


Imitating




Imitation


The repetition of a motive, phrase, or theme proposed by one part (the antecedent) in another part (the consequent), with or without modification.




Impetuoso


Impetuosly, vehemently.




Imponente


Imposing, impressive.




Inciso


Incisive, sharply marked.




Indeciso


Irresolute, undecided.




Infino


Up to, as far as, until you reach.




Ingenuamente


Naturally, ingenuously.




Iniziale


Initial; the first.




Innig


Heartfelt, sincere, fervent, intense.




Innocente


Innocently, artlessly.




Inquieto


Unrestful, uneasy.




Insensible


Imperceptible.




Interval


The difference in pitch between two notes.




Intimissimo


Very tenderly, warmly.




Intimo


Heartfelt, fervent.




Ionian mode


The ecclesiastical mode corresponding to a major scale; the order of intervals is: tone, tone, semitone, tone, tone, tone, semitone.




Irresoluto


Irresolute, undecided; vacillating.




Istesso


Same.





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